The Aurora Forum, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute, and the Stanford Institute for International Studies are proud to sponsor a one-day symposium on the history and legacy of international campaigns to end Apartheid in South Africa. Marking twenty years since the passage of the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986—the landmark legislation establishing official anti-Apartheid foreign policy for the United States government—this symposium offers an opportunity to explore the international efforts that helped end Apartheid in South Africa.
The afternoon's events will include a combination of historical and political commentary; panel discussions by notable figures active in the anti-Apartheid movements in the United States and at Stanford; and the debut of the groundbreaking documentary film series Have You Heard from Johannesburg?
Produced and directed by Academy-Award nominee Connie Field and co-produced by Stanford historian Clayborne Carson, Have You Heard from Johannesburg? combines present day interviews with historical footage and music to tell the stories of international movements that helped a band of exiles, led by Oliver Tambo, to outmaneuver the South African Apartheid government in the world of international diplomacy by pressuring multi-national corporations and their own governments to take economic, political, social, and religious action.
Clayborne Carson was a participant in and observer of African-American political movements during his undergraduate years at UCLA. Since receiving his doctorate from UCLA in 1975, he has taught at Stanford University, where he is now professor of history and director of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project. Under his direction, the King Papers Project has produced five volumes of a projected fourteen-volume comprehensive edition of King’s speeches, sermons, correspondence, publications, and unpublished writings. In addition to these volumes, he has written or co-edited numerous other works based on the papers, including A Knock at Midnight: Inspiration from the Great Sermons of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. (1998); The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1998), compiled from the King's autobiographical writings; and A Call to Conscience: The Landmark Speeches of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (2001). With the help of many others, Dr. Carson is working to develop the permanent, endowed King Research and Education Institute at Stanford University.
Connie Field is founder and president of Clarity Films. She has worked on numerous dramatic and documentary films (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest), as well as independently producing her own work. Prior to Have You Heard from Johannesburg? she produced Freedom on My Mind, a history of the civil rights movement in Mississippi that was nominated for an Academy Award, broadcast on PBS’ The American Experience, and the recipient of many awards, including the Grand Jury Prize for best documentary at the Sundance Film Festival. She was also a director on Forever Activists (another Academy Award nominee), and she produced, directed and edited The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter, which earned twelve international awards for Best Documentary.p
Amanda Kemp was raised in New York before graduating from Stanford in 1988 with a degree in African & Afro-American Studies and History. She went on to receive an M.A. and Ph.D. in Performance Studies from Northwestern University, and is currently visiting Assistant Professor of American Studies at Franklin & Marshall College. While at Stanford, she participated in anti-apartheid actions on campus, and she continues to be active in local politics and efforts to heal racism.
Steve Phillips graduated from Stanford in 1989 with a degree in English and African & Afro-American Studies. He was active in the student government, the Black Student Union, and the Free South Africa Movement. At age 28, he became the youngest elected official in San Francisco history, serving on the San Francisco Board of Education for eight years, including one year as President of the Board. After graduating from Hastings College of Law in 1997, he entered private practice, specializing in civil rights and employment discrimination law. Phillips is a founding member and current President of PowerPAC.org.
JUSTICE ALBIE SACHS
Justice Albie Sachs is a member of the South African Constitutional Court, appointed by President Nelson Mandela in 1994. During the 1980s working closely with Oliver Tambo, leader of the ANC in exile, he helped draft the organization's Code of Conduct, as well as its statutes. In 1990 he returned home from exile and took an active part in the negotiations that led to South Africa becoming a constitutional democracy. Justice Sachs is world-recognized for his role in the creation of South Africa’s new constitution, and is the author of several books on human rights. In the recent book, The Free Diary of Albie Sachs,he and his life partner, Vanessa September, an architect, describe how South Africa is being healed and rebuilt.
DONALD KENNEDY (moderator)
Donald Kennedy is the Bing Professor of Environmental Science and President emeritus at Stanford University. During his watch as president (1980-1992), Stanford galvanized the anti-apartheid movement on college campuses across the nation. In an inspiring display of solidarity, it became the first university to use the financial clout of its endowment to discourage corporate America from supporting South Africa's racist regime.